They also provide the standards for financial cards, including the allocation of card number ranges to different card issuing institutions.
After a frustrating day in the laboratory, trying to get the right adhesive, he came home with several pieces of magnetic tape and several plastic cards.
As he walked in the door at home, his wife Dorothea was ironing clothing.
When he explained the source of his frustration: inability to get the tape to "stick" to the plastic in a way that would work, she suggested that he use the iron to melt the stripe on. The major development of the magnetic striped plastic card began in 1969 at the IBM Information Records Division (IRD) headquartered in Dayton N. In 1970 the marketing organization was transferred by IBM DPD back to the Information Records Division in order to begin sales and marketing strategies for the magnetically striped and encoded cards being developed.
Magnetic recording on steel tape and wire was invented during World War II for recording audio.
In the 1950s, magnetic recording of digital computer data on plastic tape coated with iron oxide was invented.
In 1960 IBM used the magnetic tape idea to develop a reliable way of securing magnetic stripes to plastic cards, under a contract with the US government for a security system.A number of International Organization for Standardization standards, ISO/IEC 7810, ISO/IEC 7811, ISO/IEC 7812, ISO/IEC 7813, ISO 8583, and ISO/IEC 4909, now define the physical properties of the card, including size, flexibility, location of the magstripe, magnetic characteristics, and data formats.A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card.The magnetic stripe, sometimes called swipe card or magstripe, is read by swiping past a magnetic reading head.Magnetic stripe cards are commonly used in credit cards, identity cards, and transportation tickets.They may also contain an RFID tag, a transponder device and/or a microchip mostly used for business premises access control or electronic payment.